As counsel submitted before a five-judge bench headed by Justice Joseph and comprising Justices Ajay Rastogi, Aniruddha Bose, Hrishikesh Roy, and CT Ravikumar, that the right to vote is a statutory right, Justice Joseph queried the counsel: “What do you say about Article 326 of the Constitution?”
He asked the counsel to read Article 326 in the courtroom.
Article 326 says: “Elections to the House of the People and to the Legislative Assemblies of States to be on the basis of adult suffrage – The elections to the House of the People and to the Legislative Assembly of every State shall be on the basis of adult suffrage; but is to say, every person who is a citizen of India and who is not less than twenty one years of age on such date as may be fixed in that behalf by or under any law made by the appropriate legislature and is not otherwise disqualified under this constitution or any law made by the appropriate Legislature on the ground of non-residence, unsoundness of mind, crime or corrupt or illegal practice, shall be entitled to be registered as a voter at any such election.”
Justice Joseph pointed out that it said “shall be entitled to be registered as a voter at any such election”. He further queried from counsel if is he saying that parliament’s legislative power will override the Constitution?
He added that the Constitution has contemplated giving the right and that is the fundamental thing. He said, “It was 21 years initially… later lowered to 18 years.” He told the poll panel’s counsel that it may not be correct to say that the right to vote is only a statutory right.
Counsel replied that there are precedents which show that the right to vote is only a statutory right. However, Justice Joseph said the effect of Article 326 has to be seen.
The top court made these observations while hearing a batch of pleas seeking a collegium-like system for the appointment of the CEC and ECs, and it will continue to hear the matter on Thursday.